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高考英语完形填空题练习题2(含详解)
编辑:admin 时间:2015/6/26 16:16:10 来源:中学英语网

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完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
     阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36—55题各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
     He was 11 years old and went fishing every chance he got from the dock at his family’s cabin on an island in the middle of a New Hampshire lake. On the day __36__ the bass (鲈鱼) season opened, he and his father were fishing early in the evening, __37__ sunfish with worms. Then he tied on a small lure (鱼饵) and practiced casting. When his pole __38__, he knew something huge was __39__. His father watched __40__ as the boy skilfully worked the fish alongside the dock. Finally, he very carefully lifted the __41__ fish from the water. It was the largest one he had ever seen, __42__ it was a bass. It was 10 P.M.-- two hours before the season opened. The father looked at the fish, then at the boy.
     “You’ll have to __43__, son,” he said.
     “Dad!” cried the boy.
     “There will be other fish,” said his father.
     “Not as big as this one,” cried the boy.
     __44__ no one had seen them, nor could anyone ever know what time he caught the fish, the boy could __45__ by his father’s firm voice that the decision was __46__. He slowly worked the hook out of the lip of the huge bass and lowered it into __47__. The creature moved its powerful body and __48__. The boy thought that he would never again see such a great fish.
      That was 34 years ago. Today, the boy is a successful architect in New York City. And he was __49__. He has never again caught such a magnificent fish as the one he __50__ that night long ago. But he does see __51__ fish again and again every time he comes up against a question of principles. As his father taught him, principles are simple matters of right and wrong. It is only the practice of principles__52__ difficult. Do we __53__ when no one is looking? 
     We would if we __54__ to put the fish back when we were young. For we would have learned the truth. The decision to do right lives __55__ in our memory. It is a story we will proudly tell our friends and grandchildren.
36.A.until B.when  C.after D.before
37.A.providing  B.catching  C.feeding  D.supplying
38.A.bent over B.came up  C.turned over  D.broke down
39.A.on the other end  B.on the other hand C.on one hand D.at the either side
40.A.with anxiety  B.in surprise C.with admiration  D.for fear
41.A.delighted  B.frustrated C.frightened  D.exhausted
42.A.and B.but  C.however  D.yet
43.A.bring it home  B.put it aside  C.put it back  D.pick it up
44.A.Even though   B.Now that   C.Ever since  D.In case
45.A.tell  B.say  C.speak D.talk
46.A.passed  B.changed C.fixed D.refused
47.A.the wide container  B.the broad sea C.the black water   D.the small river
48.A.fled  B.disappeared  C.floated   D.swam
49.A.wrong B.right  C.satisfactory  D.pleased
50.A.landed B.saw  C.cast D.threw
51.A.a different  B.many big C.even bigger D.the same
52.A.which is B.it is  C.that is  D.this is
53.A.do wrong  B.do right  C.do harm  D.do good
54.A.were taught  B.told  C.were let  D.ordered
55.A.freshly  B.fresh   C.clearly  D.strongly

【答案解析】
     这是一篇夹叙夹议的记叙文。通过与父亲一起钓鱼的一次亲身经历,小男孩受到了深刻的道德教育,从而影响了他的一生。道德是简单的对和错的问题,但要付诸行动却很难。尤其是在无人知晓的情况下,我们是否会自觉以道德的标准来衡量我们的言行呢?人应当以“诚实为本,道德至上”。
36.B    由下文可知是鲈鱼季节开放的前。
37.B    他是去钓鱼而非其它。
38.A    当鱼杆向下弯的时候,他知道线的另一端一定钓到了一条大鱼。
39.A    在线的另一端。on the one hand, on the other hand 意为“一方面……;另一方面……” at the either side “在任何一方”。
40.C    小男孩钓鱼技巧纯熟,父亲看了眼神充满赞赏。
41.D    被钓着的鱼当然是筋疲力尽。
42.B    但他钓着的是一条鲈鱼。此处用but 表示转折,因为鲈鱼是禁止垂钓。
43.C     “你得把它放回去,孩子,”他说道。此处指放回去。A、B、D项均不相符。
44.A    even though 表示让步“即使”;其句意为:即使没有人看到他们,更无从得知他们何时钓到了鱼。
45.A     tell“分辨;辨别”常与can, could, be able to 连用。
46.C    从父亲不可动摇的语气中,他知道这个决定没有商量余地。即“固定了的”。
47.C    the black water 意为“漆黑的水中”。其句意为“他慢慢地将鱼钩从大鲈鱼的唇上取下,然后蹲下将鱼放回水中”。他在湖上钓鱼,不可能把鱼放回到河流或海里,更不是放入容器里。
48.B    鱼儿摆动着它强健的身躯,消失在水中。fled 逃跑;floated漂浮;swim游。
49.B    他猜得没错。此处肯定上文所说的事“他可能再也看不到这么大的鱼了”
50.A    land 意为“将鱼钓上岸”。saw指表示看见;cast洒网;threw投,掷。
51.D    the same fish指被他自己钓着的那条鱼。但每次他面临道德难题而举棋不定的时候,他的眼前总是浮现出那条鱼。
52.C    此处是强调句型。意为:要付诸行动却很难。
53.B    do right 做得对、得当。do wrong做得不对;do good做好事;do harm危害。此句意为“在没人瞧见的时候,我们是否仍始终如一,一丝不苟”
54.A    由下文“For we would have learned the truth.”可知此处是“被教给”。意为:在我们还小的时候,如果有人要我们把鱼放回去,我们会这样做
55.B    此处是形容词作状语,表示状态。不能用副词。意为:正确的决定在我们的记忆里变得清新。


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