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高考英语阅读理解如何推断文章隐含意义
编辑:admin 时间:2015/7/7 8:16:38 来源:中学英语网

  一是要全面分析相关信息,切忌片面思考,得出片面结论。二是要忠实原文,切忌脱离原文,凭空臆断。三是注意不要选择表层信息答案,应该立足由已知推断未知。
It can be inferred from the text that ______.
According to…, we can infer that ______.
From the text we know that …is most likely ______.
When the writer talks about …, what the writer really means is ______.
The writer suggests that ______.
The story implies that ______.
We can infer [conclude] from the passage that ______.
  这类题干中通常常含有infer, suggest, imply, conclude, intend, purpose, be likely to…等标志性词语。

  1. 干扰项的设置特点

  在通常情况下,这类试题的干扰项具有以下特点:或是文章中直接用于表达细节的信息,或是文章中无关紧要或片面推出的结论,或是与文章内容完全相反的结论,或是不合常理或不合逻辑的结论等。

  2. 答题误区

  同学们在做类题目时,很容易误选文段中直接用于表达信息的选项或表示片面结论的选项。

  3. 技巧点拔

  一是要全面分析所有相关信息,切忌片面思考,得出片面结论。二是要忠实原文,切忌脱离原文,凭空臆断。三是注意不要选择表层信息答案,应该立足由已知推断未知。

  4. 实例分析(江西卷)

  A stronger argument comes from research into school results. Girls grow up earlier than boys, tend to be more orderly and are likely to be better at languages. In a mixed class, boys who might do well in a single-sex class become discouraged and take on the rule of troublemaker. Certainly in the UK this situation has greatly alarmed(惊动) the government for it to be encouraging co-educational schools to have some single-sex classes. In the UK the best schools are all single-sex, strongly suggesting that co-education is not the best answer. This may, however, not be as simple as it looks. It may simply be that the famous old schools that attract the best students happen to be single-sex, rather than that being single-sex makes them better schools.
  At the end of the passage the writer suggests that ________.
  A. single-sex schools are the best schools in the UK
  B. being single-sex does not necessarily make a school better
  C. co-educational schools are better for both sexes in personal development
  D. because boys cannot compete with girls in study, they go to single-sex schools
  【解题思路分析】答案选 B。作者在罗列In a mixed class, boys who might do well in a single-sex class become discouraged and take on the rule of troublemaker和In the UK the best schools are all single-sex等事实后,得出了It may simply be that the famous old schools that attract the best students happen to be single-sex, rather than that being single-sex makes them better schools这个结论。要做对上面这道题,正确理解文章末尾这句结论性的句子至关重要。这里尤其要注意句中的rather than这个关键性词语,它的意思是“而不是”,用于否定或排除其后引出的内容。故只有选项B最合适。


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