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高考英语词汇知识精选300例(17)
编辑:admin 时间:2015/12/28 14:44:27 来源:中学英语网

  1. He got an e-mail from his sister, which _________ him of his home.
  A. warned B. accused C. reminded D. suspected

  2. It was a long time before the Americans completely _____ from the shadow of the September 11th attack launched by the terrorists.
  A. healed B. improved C. cured D. treated

  3. The best method to _________ the goal of helping the patients with AIDS is to unite as many sympathetic people as possible.
  A. complete B. command C. accomplish D. accompany

  4. The word “ungelivable” based on Chinese, which has become a big hit online very quickly, ______ a message that Chinese can also serve as an addition to English vocabulary.
  A. conveys B. acknowledges C. declares D. assesses

  5. I admit I made a lot of mistakes in the work, and I will ________ responsibility for them.
  A. assume B. decline C. accept D. secure

  6. By the washing machine ________ a pile of dirty clothes and on the floor of the sitting room were newspapers, magazines and waste paper.
  A. laid B. placed C. collected D. lay

  7. When you ________, use a handkerchief to cover your nose and mouth. This is particularly necessary in public places.
  A. speak B. whisper C. sneeze D. breathe

  8. Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still _______ the traditional customs.
  A. perform B. possess C. observe D. support

  9. Urban crowdedness would be greatly relieved if fares ______ on public transport were more reasonable.
  A. offered B. spent C. paid D. charged

  10. These articles ______ the problems of the modern world, including race relations and community development.
  A. address B. avoid C. create D. correct

  解析

  1. C。正是由于妹妹的电子邮件,才使得他想起了家。warn警告,提醒,告诫;accuse指责,控告;remind使想起;suspect怀疑。这四个词均可与“of”搭配,但仅C符合句意。

  2. A。heal不仅可以指伤痛的“愈合,治愈”,也可指情感或情况的“恢复正常”。heal from the shadow“从阴影中走出来”。又如:heal from financial crisis“从金融危机中恢复过来”。

  3. C。complete完成,结束;accomplish表成功地“实现、达到”,故C项比A项更合适。command“命令,指挥”和accompany “陪伴,陪同”均不合语意。

  4. A。convey传导,传输,表达;acknowledge承认,供认;declare宣布,宣告,声明;assess估计,评估,核定。题意为:基于汉语的“不给力!( ungelivable中国网民自造词)”一词在网上很快风行,它传输了一个信息 —— 汉语也充当着增加英语词汇的角色。这里不是宣告一项重大事件,而只是向人们说明一个情况或现象,故选A而不选C。

  5. A。既然承认犯错,那就得承担责任,故assume“假设,承担”符合句意。decline辞谢,谢绝;accept承认,接受;secure握紧,使安全。

  6. D。静止或状态动词stand, lie, sit, live…等常构成倒装句。如:In front of the house sat an old lady. Beside our teaching building stands a water tower. East of the town lies a newly-built railway. There lived a great man in our town. A、B、C项均不可用于这种句式。

  7. C。在公共场合用手帕捂住口鼻那一定是打喷嚏“sneeze”。

  8. C。题意为“尽管多年在国外生活,许多中国人依然遵循着中国的传统习俗”,observe“观察,遵守,遵循”符合句意。

  9. D。题意为“如果公共交通收取的费用更合理一些,城市拥堵将可大大缓解”,过去分词charged…“收费, 要价”相当于定语从句that were charged…修饰虚拟条件句中的fares。

  10. A。address向……讲话,陈述,处理;avoid避免;create创造,生产;correct改正。文章的作用是陈述事实或向人们介绍情况,故选A。


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