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高考英语词汇知识精选300例(18)
编辑:admin 时间:2015/12/28 14:47:03 来源:中学英语网

  1. Wage increases to a certain level will probably help to ______ the average consumers from the effects of higher prices.
  A. cushion B. reduce C. prevent D. remove

  2. Take two pills every six hours. If you still feel uncomfortable, _______ medical advice.
  A. seek B. observe C. request D. ignore

  3. We have to ________ the costs of the new system against the benefits it will bring.
  A. compare B. weigh C. judge D. consider

  4. Their bright eyes and smiling faces ________ the impression that they were very excited.
  A. determined B. conveyed C. shaped D. functioned

  5. She started studying medicine at college, but ________ to Business Studies in her second year.
  A. transformed B. skipped C. adjusted D. switched

  6. — Will $200 _____ the cost of the damage? — I’m afraid not. I need at least $100 more.
  A. cover B. include C. do D. afford

  7. The clear sky ____ fine weather. Let’s go swimming, shall we?
  A. promises B. wants C. experts D. allows

  8. According to experts, China needs to ______ its one child family planning policy to fight against a worsening gender(性别)imbalance and an aging population.
  A. arrange B. apply C. adjust D. adapt

  9. Many in the credit industry expect that credit cards will eventually _______ paper money for almost every purchase.
  A. exchange B. decrease C. trade D. replace

  10. The chairman ________ a speech at the meeting yesterday.
  A. stated B. issued C. addressed D. delivered

  解析

  1. A。cushion给……安上垫子,保护,减缓,缓和……的冲击;reduce缩减,减少,降低;prevent防止;remove移走,挪开。句意为“工资增加到一定水平将很可能有助于保护普通消费者免受更高物价的影响”,故A符合句意。

  2. A。seek请求,征求,求教;observe观察,遵守,遵循;request请求,要求;ignore不理,不顾。根据语意可知,下一步你一定是请教医生该怎么办,故A项最佳。

  3. B。根据语境,我们必须认真考虑新的体制的成本和它所带来的利润。A项“比较,比喻”,常与介词with/to连用;B项“权衡,考虑”;C项“判断”,常与介词by/from连用;D项“认为,思考”。其中“weigh sth. against sth.”是固定短语“认真考虑”。

  4. B。闪闪发光的眼睛和微笑表明他们非常激动。determined“决定,决心”;conveyed“表达,表明,传达”;shaped“塑造,对……有影响”;functioned“运转”。答案B符合题意。

  5. D。but 表示转折,第一年和第二年不一致,转向了另一学科的学习。transformed“使……转化,强调一种提高或改善”;skipped “快速转移,转移话题”;adjusted“调整……以适应”;switched常和to连用,表示“转向”。答案D符合题意。

  6. A。cover the cost of“能支付……费用,够买……”是常用词组,据语意应选A。

  7. A。promise“允诺,有…希望,预示”,又如:A timely snow promises a good harvest. 瑞雪兆丰年。She promises to be a singer. 她有望成为一名歌手。故本题选A。

  8. C。据语意可知,要想解决性别严重失衡以及人口老龄化问题,中国需要调整一家只生一个孩子的计划生育政策。adjust“(改变…以)适应,调整,校正”符合题意。

  9. D。据语意可知,信用卡终将取代纸币,故replace“取代,代替”符合题意。exchange交换,互换;decrease (使)缩短,减小,减少;trade交易。

  10. D。本题能够和后面的名词speech搭配的只有deliver“发言”,state意为陈述;issue意为发布;address意为向……发表演说,宾语不能是speech,所以选D。


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