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高考英语词汇知识精选300例(21)
编辑:admin 时间:2015/12/29 10:22:12 来源:中学英语网

  1. She found the room ______ with some old tables, a blackboard and an old stove.
  A. decorated B. furnished C. equipped D. prepared

  2. I could hear the rain ______ against the windows.
  A. beating B. defeating C. striking D. hitting

  3. The defendant couldn’t ______ the fact that a large amount of money was found in his house.
  A. account for B. answer for C. allow for D. call for

  4. Without proper lessons, you could ____ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.
  A. give up B. catch up C. keep up D. pick up

  5. “I ______ in a cold sweat when I realized it was an earthquake.” Said the lucky man who happened to be out of the house to work that morning in Yushu.
  A. broke out B. cried out C. blocked out D. cut out

  6. America has a high level of unemployment — but the same ______ many other countries.
  A. turns in B. goes for C. occurs to D. passes through

  7. My parents and I are flying to London for a holiday and I’ll ____ the chance to practice my spoken English.
  A. get used to B. make use of C. pay attention to D. get tired of

  8. How much does that new business ______a month?
  A. bring out B. bring on C. bring in D. bring up

  9. It is easy for people to ____ the bad habits such as smoking and drinking, which are not so easy to get rid of.
  A. look into B. slide into C. break into D. knock into

  10. New Zealand is a country lying off the eastern cost of Australia, ____ two big islands and many small ones.
  A. making up B. consisting of C. belonging to D. making from

  解析

  1. B。宾语补足语。decorate装饰;furnish用家具等“布置”;equip装备;prepare准备。根据some old tables, a blackboard and an old stove可知选B。另外,be furnished with 备有, 安装有, 陈设有。

  2. A。宾语补足语。beat接连地击打;另,beat against“风吹,雨打;打击,敲打”。

  3. A。account for说明/解释…原因;answer for对…负责; (为…)担保; 因…而受责备;allow for考虑到, 体谅;call for需要,要求;本题表示“被告无法解释……”,故答案选A。

  4. D。give up放弃;catch up赶上; keep up维持; pick up学会,搭车,拾起,收听到,无意中得到。据句意“如果没有正确的指导,弹钢琴时就会染上许多坏习惯”,故选D项。

  5. A。break out in / into a cold sweat“惊出一身冷汗”是常用短语;B、C、D均与题意不符。

  6. B。题意为“美国失业率很高,但这种现象在其它许多国家同样存在。”go for在这里表示“对…适用;可以应用于…;包括…在内”。

  7. B。据题意可知,我可以利用这次到伦敦的机会练习英语口语,故make use of“利用,使用”符合题意。get used to习惯于;pay attention to注意;get tired of对……厌倦。

  8. C。bring out使显示, 出版, 生产, 说出;bring on引起, 导致, 使发展, 提出;bring in生产, 挣得, 获利,赚;bring up教育, 培养, 提出, 呕吐。题意为“那个新做的生意每月能挣得多少钱?”故答案选C。

  9. B。look into浏览; 调查(查找)……;slide into溜进,无意识地陷入某状态、养成某习惯;break into强行进入, 破门而入;knock into打进,闯进。据题意选B最佳。

  10. B。make up编造,弥补,化装,由构成(be made up of);consist of由……组成/构成;belong to属于;make from由……制成。这里表“由两个大岛和许多小岛构成”,故选B。


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