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中考英语语法:句子种类考点例题解析
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1.There ___ a pencil box on the desk.
A. is B. are  C. has  D. have
[答案] A.
[析]There be 句形中的 be 动词要看其后面离它最近的名词而定,如:There are two books and a pencil on the desk. 但却可以讲 There is a pencil and two books on the desk.
2.Could you tell me ___ ?
A. Mrs King where lives B. where does Mrs King live 
C. where Mrs King lives D. Mrs King lives where
[答案] C.
[析]宾语从句中的疑问句要用陈述语序。
3.Your brother came to see you, ___ ?
A. does he B. doesn't he C. did he D. didn't he 
[答案] D.
[析]前句是肯定句,后面反意疑问句要用否定句,同时 came 为过去时态,所以应用 didn't he
4.It's getting cloudy, ___ ?
A. does' it B. doesn't it C. is it D. isn't it
[答案] D.
[析]要区分's 是 has 还是 is, 这里由 getting 得出's 是is。
5.___ keep me waiting so long.
A. Not B. Won't C. Don't D. Not to
[答案] C.
[析]Don't + 动词原形为祈始句的否定句。
6.Mr Green hasn't been to Beijing, ___ ?
A. has he B. hasn't he C. did he D. didn't he
[答案] A.
[析]此句 has 是助动词与过去分词构成现在完成时态。
7.You have your lunch at school, ___ ?
A. have you B. haven't you C. do you D. don't you 
[答案] D.
[析]这里的 have 是实意动词"吃",而不是助动词。
8.___ sunny day! Let's go out for a walk.
A. How a B. How C. What a D. What
[答案] C.
[析]这个感叹句是个省略句,其真实的句子应为 What a sunny day it is!
9.- Can you tell me ___ ?  - Sure She's a nurse
A. where is your sister B. where your sister is 
C. what is your sister D. what your sister is
[答案] D.
[析]who 问的是姓名,如:Who is he? He is Smith 或 He is my father What 问的是职业,如: What is he? He is a teacher.
10.John likes listening to the radio, ___ ?
A. does he B. doesn't he C. doesn't John D. does Johe
[答案] B.
[析]当名词作主语时,反意疑问句应用代词。


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