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高考英语词汇知识精选300例(15)
编辑:admin 时间:2015/12/24 11:21:51 来源:中学英语网

  1. It _____ everyone to hear all of the villagers behind the mountain were killed in the flood.
  A. suffered B. shocked C. persuaded D. destroyed

  2. Joe had changed so much that I could hardly ______ him at first in Shanghai Expo Garden.
  A. remember B. realize C. recognize D. ignore

  3. The doctor ______ the patient with great care and said there was nothing wrong with him.
  A. tested B. attended C. examined D. checked

  4. — Can you understand the foreign speaker? — Almost. He _____ his speech with a lot of gestures.
  A. followed    B. created C. accompanied D. prepared

  5. I have tried to solve the problem, but it is so difficult that it _____ not only me but also my friend.
  A. attracts B. handles C. defeats D. injures

  6. The speech this world-famous designer ______ at this year’s Paris Fashion Show inspired everyone present.
  A. directed B. starred C. supported D. delivered

  7. It is difficult to ________ what the long-term effects of the accident will be.
  A. calculate B. forecast C. guess D. indicate

  8. His sacrifices for the country were never officially _____, which made all of us feel discouraged.
  A. acknowledged B. appealed C. recommended D. evaluated

  9. The government has had to ________ with the opposition party on the new regulation, which will come to effect next month.
  A. negotiate B. bargain C. connect D. associate

  10. Richard McDonald who founded the McDonald’s restaurant chain, died in 1998 but as long as our civilization ______ he will never be forgotten.
  A. surpasses B. survives C. surprises D. surveys

  解析

  1. B。“所有的村民均在洪水中丧生”这是一个大灾难,那么自然会使人们感到“惊愕”或“震惊”。suffer遭受;shock使…震惊;persuade说服,劝说;destroy摧毁。B符合题意。

  2. C。remember记得,牢记;realize实现,了解,认识到;recognize认出, 识别出;ignore不顾,不理,忽视。据题意这里是“几乎认不出他”,C符合句意。

  3. C。examine“仔细检查,以找出线索或发现问题”,合题意。test 指检测某人的品质、能力或事物的质量、性能;attend“出席,参加”;check“检查,核对”,强调检验事物是否与预料中的现象或标准一致。

  4. C。由 “你能听懂那位老外说的话吗”“差不多,他讲话时伴有许多手势。”可推知,accompany“陪伴,伴随”符合句意。follow跟随,领会;create创造;prepare准备。

  5. C。题意为“我已尽力解答这个问题,但它太难了,不仅难住了我也难住了我的朋友”。defeat“击败,战胜;使困惑,难住”符合句意。

  6. D。direct指导,导演,管理;star主演;support支持;deliver递送,交付,发言;据语意“在巴黎时装表演会上发言”可知选D项。

  7. B。据语意可知,既然这次事故的长期效应是什么不得而知,那么一定是很难预料。forecast“预言,估计,预料,预报,预测“符合句意。

  8. A。根据定语从句的含义“这使得我们所有的人感到沮丧”可知,他为国家牺牲而没有得到官方的认可。acknowledge“承认,公认”符合句意。appeal呼吁,请求;recommend推荐,建议;evaluate评价,估计。

  9. A。据语意可知这里表示“协商,商议”故选negotiate。尽管bargain也有商谈的意义,但多指买卖或交易中的讨价还价。

  10. B。由后一分句可知,只要我们的文化继续存在,他就永远不会被人们遗忘。survives“活下来, 幸存, 保存下来”符合句意。surpasses超过,优于,多于;surprise使惊奇,使诧异;survive眺望,纵览。


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