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高考英语词汇知识精选300例(23)
编辑:admin 时间:2015/12/30 12:13:04 来源:中学英语网

  1. Our headmaster accepted the suggestion _____ by students.
  A. put forward B. put up C. put away D. put off

  2. We’d better ______ when he is thinking, as he prefers to solve problems on his own.
  A. wake him up    B. keep him away C. leave him alone D. call him up

  3. Billy was the youngest boy on the hike, but he _____ with the others.
  A. kept up B. turned up C. caught up D. drew up

  4. Our teacher always gives us two or three tips before ______ the answers.
  A. giving up B. giving away C. giving in D. giving off

  5. In class, a student who is not hard-working can soon get ______.
  A. left out B. left off C. left behind D. left away

  6. Whenever they were busy with their own business, Sam, feeling _____, would go out for a walk or a cigarette.
  A. kept off B. cut off C. left out D. cut down

  7. The lecture was going well until the projector (幻灯机) ______ and put the professor off his stride.
  A. broke down B. broke up C. broke away D. broke off

  8. Geologically Diaoyu Islands are ________ Taiwan Island. The waters between the islands and Taiwan are only 100 to 150 meters deep.
  A. attached to B. divided into C. separated from D. cut off

  9. Eating too much fat can ______ heart disease and cause high blood pressure.
  A. relate to B. contribute to C. attend to D. devote to

  10. I want to ________ the secrets of nature and apply them to the happiness of man.
  A. bring in B. bring out C. bring up D. bring about

  解析

  1. A。题意为“我们的校长接受了学生提出的建议”。put forward 提出(主意,计划等);put up 张贴,为…提供膳食;put away把…放好,收起来;put off推迟。这里的put forward为过去分词短语作后置定语。

  2. C。由后半句说“他喜欢独自解决问题”可知前半句是说“当他思考问题的时候不要去打扰他”。leave sb. alone意为“不打扰某人;让某人独自呆着”。而A项意为“把某人叫醒”;B项常用作keep sb. away from...,意为“使某人远离……”;D项意为“给某人打电话”。

  3. A。根据语境,在徒步旅行中,比尔是年龄最小的男孩儿,但是他能跟上其他所有的人。A项“保持,跟上”;B项“出现,露面”;C项“赶上”,强调是由落后赶上;D项“停止”。

  4. B。题意为“老师在给出答案之前总要给我们两三个小提示”。give up放弃;give away赠送,给出,泄露,出卖;give in屈服,投降,让步;give off发出,放出。据语意应选B。

  5. C。leave out遗漏,忽略,删去;leave off停止做某事;leave behind使落后;leave away离开。这里表示“掉队落伍”,故选C。

  6. C。萨姆感觉到“被冷落、被忽略”,故选C。keep off不接近;cut off剪(切, 砍)下;leave out忽略,未顾及;cut down砍到,削减。

  7. A。“在幻灯机坏掉并打乱了教授的进度前,讲座一直进行得很顺利”,break down“失败,损坏,发生故障”正确。break up (使)破碎,分解;break away突然离开;break off停止。

  8. A。“从地质学上来说,钓鱼岛附属于台湾岛,两岛间水域的深度只有100到150米”,attach to“(使)贴(系, 粘)在…上,(使)相关,(使)牵连,(使)依附”适合题意。

  9. B。contribute to“有助于,成为……的原因,对……有贡献”,在此相当于 lead to或result in。relate to和……有关系;attend to 注意,专心,处理;devote to致力于。

  10. B。bring in带进来,收获(庄稼等),赚/挣(钱);bring out取出,使明显,出版;bring up抚养,提出,呕吐;bring about造成, 引起。“弄清大自然的秘密”自然是bring out。


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