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2016年高考英语二轮复习知识点:数词与连词
编辑:admin 时间:2016/4/6 9:51:57 来源:中学英语网

  数词与连词

  数词一般与其它知识综合起来考察,比如倍数的表达方法,多个形容词的排列顺序等。近几年语境综合化程度越来越高。

  连词按其性质,分为并列连词和从属连词,考点分布在单项选择、完形填空和短文改错中。《英语教学大纲》和《考试大纲》语法项目表中对连词的考查是这样描述的:掌握词汇表中所列连词的用法,即要求考生分析句子成分,把握语境和逻辑关系,恰当选择合适连词,使句意通顺,逻辑清楚,连接代词或连接副词用于名词性从句,统称连接词。

  考点一、特殊并列连词while/when

  例1. I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel _______ I heard the steps.
  A. while
  B. when
  C. since
  D. after
  例2.I’d like to study law at university _______ my cousin prefers geography.
  A. though
  B. as
  C. while
  D. for
  [解析]B、C。作并列连词时,when/while用法较为特殊,二者区别是:while表两相对照;而when表突然、在那时,常见于be about to do...when和hardly...when等句型中。

  考点二、表示原因的连词for/because/as/since

  例3.He found it increasingly difficult to read, _____ his eyesight was beginning to fail.
  A. and
  B. for
  C. but
  D. or
  例4.Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos she had shot at Canada, ______ this was a memory she especially treasured.
  A. as
  B. if
  C. when
  D. where
  例5.Parents should take seriously their children’s requests for sunglasses ________ eye protection is necessary in sunny weather.
  A. because
  B. though
  C. unless
  D. if
  例6._____ everybody knows about it, I don’t want to talk any more.
  A. For
  B. Even
  C. Since
  D. However
  [解析]B、A、A、C。引导原因连词,as/because/ since/ for的区别是:because语势最强,用来说明人所未知的原因,回答why提出的问题,可置于强调句中且其前可加修饰语; since是双方都知晓原因或经过分析而得之的原因,语气次之;for是并列连词,前用逗号隔开,表逻辑推理或补充说明;as语气最弱,原因是显而易见的或已为人们所知,即已知原因,所引导的分句可置于句首。

  考点三、并列连词but/yet/though

  例7. Excuse me for breaking in, ______ I have some news for you.
  A. so
  B. and
  C. but
  D. yet
  [解析]C。but和yet 是连词,可等同使用,但也有区别。yet与and连用,构成and yet,但but却无此用法;在“Excuse me/I’m sorry/I hope you don’t mind…but”中,只用but,不用yet?因为在表示对照或对立时,but较为轻松自然;而yet却较为强烈,常出人意料;though作并列连词时,只能引导分句且其前须加逗号。例:I’ll try to come, though I don’t think I shall manage it.


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