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形容词与副词(第二章)
编辑:admin 时间:2012/10/7 15:22:00 来源:中学英语网

五、副词及其基本用法

副词主要用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或其他结构。
(1)副词的位置:
  1)在动词之前。
  2)在 be 动词、助动词之后。 
  3)多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。
注意:
a. 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副词可以提前,以使句子平衡。
We could see very clearly a strange light ahead of us.
b. 方式副词 well , badly 糟、坏, hard 等只放在句尾。
He speaks English well.
(2)副词的排列顺序:
 1)时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。
 2)方式副词,短的在前,长的在后,并用 and 或 but 等连词连接。
Please write slowly and carefully.
 3)多个不同副词排列:程度 + 地点 + 方式 + 时间副词。
注意:副词 very 可以修饰形容词,但不能修饰动词。
改错:(错) I very like English.
(对) I like English very much.
注意:副词 enough 要放在形容词的后面,形容词 enough 放在名词前后都可。
I don't know him well enough.
There is enough food for everyone to eat.
There is food enough for everyone to eat.

六、兼有两种形式的副词

1) close 与 closely
close 意思是 " 近 " ; closely 意思是 " 仔细地 "
He is sitting close to me.
Watch him closely.
2) late 与 lately
late 意思是 " 晚 " ; lately 意思是 " 最近 "
You have come too late.
What have you been doing lately?
3) deep 与 deeply
deep 意思是 " 深 " ,表示空间深度; deeply 时常表示感情上的深度, " 深深地 "
He pushed the stick deep into the mud.
Even father was deeply moved by the film.
4) high 与 highly
high 表示空间高度; highly 表示程度,相当于 much
The plane was flying high.
I think highly of your opinion.
5) wide 与 widely
wide 表示空间宽度; widely 意思是 " 广泛地 " , " 在许多地方 "
He opened the door wide.
English is widely used in the world.
6) free 与 freely
free 的意思是 " 免费 " ; freely 的意思是 " 无限制地 "
You can eat free in my restaurant whenever you like.
You may speak freely; say what you like.


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