您的位置:首页 > 英语阅读 > 初三英语阅读 > 资料详情
2013中考英语阅读理解模拟题及解析(14)
编辑:admin 时间:2012/11/1 16:00:00 来源:中学英语网

  When you are ill, you must be unhappy because your body becomes hot, and there are pains all over. You don’t want to work. You stay in bed, feeling terrible.
  What makes you ill? It is germs (细菌). Germs are everywhere. They are very small and you can’t see them with your eyes, but you can find them with a microscope. They are very small and there could be hundreds of them on or in a very small thing.
  Germs are always in dirty water. When you look at dirty water under a microscope, you will see them in it. So your parents will not let you drink dirty water.
  Germs are found not only in dirty water, they are also found in air and dust. If you cut your finger, and if some of the dust goes into the finger, it will become big and red, and you will have much pain in it. Sometimes they will go into your body and you will have pain everywhere.

  1.The writer thinks that you’ll _____ when you are ill.
  A. feel hot B. not want to work C. not feel happy D. A, B and C

  2.You can see germs ________.
  A. when you are ill B. only when you use a microscope
  C. when you cut your finger D. everywhere around you

  3.A microscope is used for ______.
  A.making very big things look much smaller
  B.making very small things look much bigger
  C.helping you see things clearly
  D.killing germs

  4.Your parents don’t let you drink dirty water because _____.
  A. water will make you sick B. there are many germs in it
  C. you can see germs in it D. it will make your finger become big and red

  5.In this story, the word “microscope” means ______ in Chinese.
  A. 眼镜 B. 放大镜 C. 显微镜 D. 镜子

  6.The writer talks about __________.
  A. how to keep dirty water clean B. how to take care of your fingers
  C. how to find germs D. what makes you ill

  【答案与解析】

  短文大意是:细菌无处不在。脏水里,空气中或尘埃里通常含有大量细菌。它们是使人生病主要元凶。
  1.D 从文首的两句话中,可直观地看出人生病时,身体发热,浑身疼痛,精神不愉快,也不想工作。故前三项皆包括在内。
  2.B 虽然细菌无处不在,但根据“…They are very small and you can’t see them with your eyes, but you can find them with a microscope.”一句可知正确答案为B。
  3.B 通过a microscope可以看到小得肉眼看不见的细菌这个意思,我们可以推断出 microscope的意思是“显微镜”。根据常识,我们知道,显微镜是用来放大很小的东西的,而并非使其看起来更清楚些,也不是用来杀死细菌的。
  4.B 上句说“在显微镜下观察脏水时会发现其中有许多细菌”,紧接着就说“So your parents will not let you drink dirty water.”,因此,答案是B。
  5.C 参看第三小题的分析。
  6.D 第二段的“What makes you ill? It is germs.”即是本题答案的出处。


发表评论
* 评论内容:
* 用户名:匿名发表 *不选请在前面输入您的昵称
* 验证码: 验证码,看不清楚?请点击刷新验证码 *请输入4位数的验证码
 
发表评论须知:
一、所发文章必须遵守《互联网电子公告服务管理规定》;
二、严禁发布供求代理信息、公司介绍、产品信息等广告宣传信息;
三、严禁恶意重复发帖;
四、严禁对个人、实体、民族、国家等进行漫骂、污蔑、诽谤。
名师视频辅导