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初中英语语法:几种特殊的反意疑问句

1. 祈使句后一般加上will you或won't you构成反意疑问句,用will you 多表示“请求”,用won't you 多表示提醒对方注意...

1. 祈使句后一般加上will you或won' t you构成反意疑问句,用will you 多表示“请求”,用won' t you 多表示提醒对方注意。

Let引导的祈使句有两种情况:

1)Let's...,后的反意疑问句用shall we或shan't we。Let's go home, _____ ______? (shall we)

2)Let us/me...后的反意疑问句用will you或won't you。 Let me have a try, ____ _____? (will you)

2. 感叹句后加反意疑问句时,其反意疑问句需用be的一般现在时态的否定形式。 如:

What fine weather,____ ____? (isn't it)

3. 当陈述部分谓语动词是need, dare, used to,且这些词被用作实义动词时,其反意疑问句需用do的适当形式。例如: He needs help,_____ _____? (doesn't he)

4. 陈述部分主、谓语是I am...时,反意疑问句用aren't I, 而不是am not I (可用am I not)。例如:  

I'm working now,_____ ____? (aren't I)

5. 陈述部分的主语是everything, nothing, anything或something 时,反意疑问句的主语应用代词it。例如:Something is wrong with my radio,_____ _____? (isn't it)

6. 陈述部分的主语是 everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, none, neither 时, 其反意疑问句的主语需用复数代词they。例如:

Everyone is here,____ ____? (aren't they)

No one knows about it, _____ ____? (do they)

7. 陈述部分的主语是指示代词this或that时,反意疑问句的主语用it,当陈述部分的主语是指示代词these或those时,其反意疑问句的主语用they。例如:This is a plane,_____ _____? (isn't it)

These are grapes,____ _____? (aren't they)

8. 陈述部分的主语是不定代词one时,反意疑问句的主语可以用one,也可用you(美式英语用he)。例如: One should be ready to help others,_____ _____? (shouldn't one)

9. 当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。例如:

He is never late for school, _____ _____? (is he)

10. 当陈述部分主语是从句、不定式(短语)、动词-ing形式时,反意疑问句的主语应该用it。例如:To see is to believe, _____ _____? (isn't it)

11. 当陈述部分含I think (believe, suppose...)that... 结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句的主、谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。例如:I don't think he will come,_____ _____? (will he)

12. 陈述部分是there be句型时,其反意疑问句中要用there。例如:

There was a hospital here,_____ _____? (wasn't there)

13. 陈述部分有had better时,反意疑问句中要用hadn' t。例如:

We had better go to school at once,_____ _____? (hadn't we)

14. 当陈述部分含有情态动词must时,我们便要分析一下must的含义。如果must 作“一定;要;必须”讲,反意疑问句须用mustn't或needn't;而当must作推测意义“一定是;必定”讲时,反意疑问句则需根据must后的动词原形选用相应的形式。例如:

He must work hard at physics,_____ _____? (mustn't he)

Tom must be at home,_____ _____? (isn't he)

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