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初中英语日常交际用语归纳

初中英语日常交际用语包括以下30个方面的内容:1. 问候Greetings (包括Good morning/afternoon/ evening. Hello/ Hi. Fine, thank...

初中英语日常交际用语包括以下30个方面的内容:

1. 问候Greetings (包括Good morning/afternoon/ evening. Hello/ Hi. Fine, thank you. And you? Very well, thank you. How do you do? Nice/ Glad to meet you?)

2. 介绍 Introductions (包括 This is…, My/ Her/ His name is…, She/ He is…etc.)

3. 告别Farewells (包括 I think it’s time for us to leave now. I must go now. Goodbye!/ Bye-bye/ Bye! See you later/ tomorrow…, Good night. etc.)

4. 打电话Making telephone calls (包括Hello! May I speak to …? Hold on, please. He/She isn’t here right now. Can I take a message for you? Could you like to leave a message? Who’s that? This is … speaking. Is that …?)

5. 感谢和应答 Thanks and responses (包括Thank you very much. Thanks a lot. Many thanks. Thank you/ Thanks for…. Not at all. That’s all right. You’re welcome.)

6. 祝愿、祝贺和应答 Wishes, congratulations and responses (包括Good luck! Best wishes to you. Have a nice/ good time. Congratulations! Thank you. Happy New Year! Merry Christmas! Happy birthday to you. The same to you. Me, too.)

7. 表达意愿Intentions (包括I’m going to …, I will…, I’d like to …, I want/ hope to…)

8. 道歉和应答 Apologies and responses (包括I’m sorry. Sorry. I’m sorry for/ about…. Excuse me. That’s all right. It doesn’t matter. That’s nothing.)

9. 遗憾和同情 regrets and sympathy (包括What a pity! I’m sorry to hear….)

10. 邀请和应答  Invitations and responses (包括Will you come to…? Would you like to…? Yes, I’d love to….  Yes. It’s very kink/ nice of you. I’d love to, but….)

11. 提供(帮助等)和应答 Offers and responses (包括Can I help you? What can I do for you? Here, take this/ my…. Let me… for you. Would you like some…? Thanks. That would be nine/fine. Thank you for your help. Yes, please. No, thanks/thank you. That’s very kind of you, but…)

12. 请求允许和应答 Asking for permission and responses (包括May I …? Can/ Could I …?  Yes/Certainly. Yes, do please. Of course(you may). That’s OK/ all right. I’m sorry, but…. You’d better not...)

13. 表示同意和不同意 Expressing agreement and disagreement (包括Certainly/ Sure/ Of course. Yes, please. Yes, I think so. That’s true. All right/ OK. That’s a good idea. I agree with you. No, I don’t think so. I’m afraid not. I really can’t agree with you.)

14. 表示肯定和不肯定 Expressing certainty and uncertainty (包括I’m sure. I’m sure that…. I’m not sure. I’m not sure whether/if…. Maybe/Perhaps.)

15. 喜好和厌恶 Likes and dislikes  (包括I like/ love… very much. I like/ love to …. I don’t like /like to ….  I hate/ hate to….)

16. 谈论天气  Talking about the weather (包括What’s the weather like today? How’s the weather in…? It’s fine/cloudy/ windy/ rainy, etc. today, isn’t it?)

17. 购物  Shopping (包括What can I do for you? May/ Can I help you? I want/ I’d like…. How much is it? That’s too much/expensive, I’m afraid. That’s fine. I’ll take it. Let me have… kilo/ box, etc. How many/ much do you want? Do you have any other kind size colour, etc.?)

18. 问路和应答  Asking the way and responses (包括Excuse me. Where’s the men’s/ ladies’ room? Excuse me, can you tell me the way to…? How can I get to…? I don’t know the way. Go down this street. Turn right/ left at the first/ second crossing. It’s about … metres from here.)

19. 问时间或日期及应答 Asking the time or date and responses (包括What day is it today? What’s the date today? What time is it? What’s the time, please? It’s Monday. It’s January 10th. It’s half past five. It’s time for….)

20. 请求 Requests (包括Can/Could you… for me? Will/ Would you please…? May I have…? Please give/pass me…. Please wait here/ a moment. Please wait for your turn. Please stand in line/line up. Please hurry.)

21. 劝告和建议 Advice and suggestions (包括You’d better…. You should…. You need to…. Shall we…? Let’s…. What/ How about…? Why not…? Why don’t you…?)

22. 禁止和警告 Prohibition and warnings (包括You can’t/ mustn’t…. If you…, you’ll…. Take care! Be careful! …, or you ….)

23. 表示感情 Expressing certain emotions (包括a. 喜悦Pleasure/ joy I’m glad/pleased/happy to…. That’s nice. That’s wonderful/great. b. 焦虑 Anxiety  What’s wrong? What’s the matter(with you)? I’m/He’s/She’s worried. Oh, what shall I/ we do?  c. 惊奇 Surprise Really? Oh, dear! Is that so?)

24. 就餐 Taking meals (包括What would you like to have?  Would you like something to eat/drink? I’d like…. Would you like some more…? Help yourself to some…. Thank you. I’ve had enough. Just a little, please.)

25. 约会 Making appointments (包括Are you free this afternoon/evening? How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening? Shall we meet at 4:30 at…? Yes, that’s all right. Yes, I’ll be free then. No, I won’t be free then. But I’ll be free…. All right. See you then.)

26. 传递信息 Passing on a message (包括Will you please give this note/message to…? …asked me to give you this note. Thanks for the message.)

27. 看病 Seeing the doctor (包括 There’s something wrong with…. I’ve got a cough. I feel terrible /bad. I don’t feel well. I’ve got a pain here. This place hurts. Take this medicine three times a day. It’s nothing serious. You’ll be all right/well soon.)

28. 求助 Calling for help (包括 Help! Can you help me? What’s the matter?)

29. 处理交际中的障碍 Language difficulties (包括 Please say that again/ more slowly. What do you mean by…? I’m sorry I can’t follow you. I’m sorry I know only a little English.)

30. 常见标志和说明 Some common signs and instructions (包括: BUSINESS HOURS, OFFICE HOURS, OPEN, CLOSED, PULL, PUSH, ON, OFF, ENTRANCE, EXIT, INSTRUCTIONS, FRAGILE,  THIS SIDE UP,  MENU, NO SMOKING, NO PARKING, NO PHOTOS, DANGER!, PLAY, STOP, PAUSE. )

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