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英语翻译

初中英语常见句子翻译错误解析

1. 我有重要的事情要告诉你。误: I have important something to tell you. 正: I have something important to tell you....

1. 我有重要的事情要告诉你。

误: I have important something to tell you.

正: I have something important to tell you.

析:当复合不定代词,如 something ,anything ,everything ,nothing 等被形容词修饰时,形容词要放在其后。

2. 她和你父亲一样是位好老师。

误: She is as a good teacher as your father.

正: She is as good a teacher as your father.

析: 在 as …… as 结构中,若形容词作定语修饰单数可数名词,不定冠词 a ( an )应置于形容词和名词之间,不可放在形容词之前。

3. 那里的人喜欢喝茶。

误: There people like drinking tea.

正: People there like drinking tea.

析: 表示方位的副词,如 here ,there ,upstairs ,downstairs ,below ,home 等也可作定语,但通常放在所修饰的词之后。

4. 你认为我们首先应当做什么?

误: What do you think should we do first ?

正: What do you think we should do first ?

析: 英语中如果特殊疑问句中插入以一般疑问句式出现的插入语,如 do you think 等,则特殊疑问句本身的主语、谓语一般仍按陈述语序,而不再使用疑问语序。

5. 昨天他从马上跌了下来。

误: He fell the horse off yesterday.

正: He fell off the horse yesterday.

析: fall off 中的 off 是介词,并非副词,所以应放在宾语之前。

6. 王涛有时上学迟到。

误: Wang Tao sometimes is late for school.

正: Wang Tao is sometimes late for school.

析: 频度副词 sometimes ,often ,usually ,always 等通常位于实义动词之前,be 动词之后。

7. 这孩子没到上学的年龄。

误: The boy is not enough old to go to school.

正: The boy is not old enough to go to school.

析: 当 enough ,very much 等修饰形容词或副词时,应放在形容词或副词之后。

8. 你还要别的什么吗?

误: Else what would you like ?

正: What else would you like ?

析: else 修饰疑问词或不定代词时,应放在它们的后面,又如: Do you want anything else ?

9. 请你不要打开窗户,好吗?

误: Would you not please open the window ?

正: Would you please not open the window ?

析: “Would you please ……” 用于委婉地提出建议、请求等。其否定形式应为: “Would you please not ……”

10. 昨天所有的学生都去了公园。

误: The all students went to the park yesterday.

正: All the students went to the park yesterday.

析: 当 all ,both 等作定语修饰名词,且名词又有 the 修饰时,all ,both 等通常放在之前。

11. 她捡起了笔,把它还给了我。

误: She picked up the pen and gave back it to me.

正: She picked up the pen and gave it back to me.

析: 由及物动词加副词构成的短语,当宾语是代词时,代词一般放在副词之前。

12. 你知道他什么时候回来吗?

误: Do you know when will he come back ?

正: Do you know when he will come back ?

析: 在含有宾语从句的复合句中,宾语从句连接词之后应该用陈述语序。

13. 他会玩电脑,我也会。

误: He can use a computer. So I can.

正: He can use a computer. So can I.

析:以 so 或 neither ( nor )开头的句子,若前一句的情况适合另一个人或事物时,句子要倒装。肯定句时用 so ,否定句时用 neither 或 nor 开头,助动词要与谓语动词保持一致。

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